Population  2158265
Area  20723,00
Altitude  43,00
Plate code  07
Phone Code  242

Seaways

Within the borders of Antalya, there are; Kaleiçi Marina (Downtown) Çelebi Marina (Konyaaltı), Kaş Setur Marina, Finike Setur Marina, Kemer Türkiz Marina, Alanya Marina and new Marina situated in Sıçan Island. Having scheduled boat routs from these marinas, there is also boats scheduled from Alanya Marina to Cyprus in summer. Besides, there is sea bus scheduled between Antalya – Kemer from 9:00 until 17:00.

Airways

Approximately 11 million tourist visits our province annually. 99 % of these tourists arrive at Antalya by airways. There are two airports open for international flights in Antalya, one of them is in Antalya City Centre and the other is in Gazipaşa District. Besides, flights to many cities of our country are available from these airports. Distance from downtown to airport is 10 km and transportation is maintained by public busses and taxi cabs.

Airport 1: Fraport IC İçtaş Antalya Airport Terminal Antalya Havalimanı 1. Dış Hatlar Terminali 07230

Phone: +90 (242) 444 7 423

Fax: +90 (242) 3303648

E-mail: info@icfairports.com

Airport 2: Gazipaşa Havalimanı TAV Gazipaşa Yatırım Yapım ve İşletme A.Ş. Antalya Gazipaşa Havalimanı 07900 Gazipaşa/Antalya /Türkiye

Phone: 242 582 71 26 – 7 242 582 74 26 – 7

Fax: 242 582 7575

Web: www.gzpairport.com

E-mail: gazipasa@tav.aero

Motorway

To reach Antalya, you can use one of the motorways of  Kemer, Aksu, Korkuteli and Yeşilbayır direction. Motorway connections of Antalya are; D650 Antalya-Afyon Motorway, D645  Belt Road, D685 Antalya-Isparta Motorway, D400 Kemer-Antalya-Alanya Motorways. Distance of Antalya to Ankara is 544 km where it is 718 km to İstanbul. With its web of motorways, it is easy to reach any part of Turkey from Antalya. The roads connecting Antalya with Central Anatolia and Aegean Regions are appropriate and they are open for transportation all seasons. High plateau between Beydağları-Akdağlar connect Antalya to Kaş-Fethiye and Finike through Korkuteli-Elmalı. Motorway through the high plateau is approximately 100 km shorter than 300 km coastal motorway that connects Antalya to Fethiye. This motorway also connects Isparta and Burdur provinces to the south. Besides, by the means of Çavdır Acıpayam-Denizli direction, this road leads to Aegean Region. The new motorway that connects research area to İzmir (through Korkuteli-Denizli-Aydın) has the title of being the shortest motorway connecting Turkey’s third biggest city in terms of population to most important touristic spot of the country. Main arteries of Antalya in terms of motorway are; Antalya- Burdur (or Isparta) -Afyon direction. This direction receives the motorways from three biggest provinces in Turkey. İstanbul is reached through, Afyon-Bilecik-Adapazarı Motorway; İzmir is reached through Afyon-Uşak Motorway and Ankara is reached through Afyon-Polatlı Motorway. The second direction that connects Antalya to Central Anatolia is Antalya- Manavgat-Akseki-Seydişehir-Konya Motorway and this Motorway leads to Cappadocia. Thus, the research area is in contact with tourism spots such as Denizli, Pamukkale on the north-west and Ürgüp, Nevşehir on the north-east. Antalya is connected to Mersin, Adana and Hatay on the east and Muğla on the west through highways extended right along the coast.

Antalya International Coach Station: Antalya Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmeciliği Yenidoğan Mahallesi Dumlupınar Bulvarı Kepez / Antalya Phone: 0 242 331 12 50 – 55

www.antalyaotogar.com.tr

iletisim@antalyaulasim.com.tr

Brief History of Antalya

The Gulf of Antalya lies on the south western edge of the Anatolian Peninsula. Surrounding the gulf and south of the Western Taurus Mountains, approximately 25 kilometers from the Antalya city centre, are a series of caves located 500-600 meters above sea level. Situated on the slopes surrounding the springs that feed Kırkgöz Lake, these caves tell the stories of the prehistoric past to us today.

Artefacts discovered during the excavation of these caves distinguish not only the periods of Anatolia’s distant past, but those of humanity as well. The most notable of these caves is Karain Cave.

Karain Cave, located on the upper slopes of the springs of Kırkgöz Lake near Yağca village in the Döşemealtı district has been a host to every era of human civilisation. Traces of human occupation in the Karain Cave go back hundreds of thousands of years to the Early Stone Age. They continue to, and also include, the Middle Stone Age, Later Stone Age (Mesolithic), Copper Age (Chalcolithic), Bronze Age and subsequent ages, giving todays visitors insight into all of these eras.

Antalya is the most recently established city of Pamphylia. In 190 BC, the Romans won the battle of Magnesia—a battle between the Hellenistic Seleucid Kingdom and Rome and its ally Pergamon. The Roman commander Manlius Vulso and the King of Pergamon Eumenes II came at that time to the area to discuss the terms of surrender of the cities in the region. The main aim of the victors was to occupy the most prized Mediterranean port city of Side. When Attalos II of Pergamon became king in 159 BC, he decided to establish a new port city to take the place of Side. The present location of Antalya was chosen for its abundant water sources and because its harbour was shielded from winds and did not silt up. The city was named Attaleia after its founder, King Attalos II of Pergamon. The port city of Attaleia was soon enclosed by city walls and started to develop rapidly.

All of the buildings built immediately after its establishment lay within the city walls. In successive periods, the city grew beyond the city walls and many authentic buildings dating to the Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods still exist and are in regular use.

Republican Era

The Republic of Turkey rose from the ashes of the Ottoman Empire after its defeat in the First World War. After the War of Liberation was won under the able leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the Republic was declared in October 1923. The Republic has since been successfully progressing in its level of contemporary civilization.

Antalya also benefitted from the developments made in this period, including the areas of education, healthcare, land/air/sea transportation, and urban development, all of which are essential for a city’s material progress and the wellbeing of its citizens.

Thanks to advances made in areas such as health, engineering, architecture, roads, communications, and fine arts, Turkey is steadily progressing towards the level of contemporary civilization as stipulated by Atatürk.

During the Republican era, methods developed in the field of agriculture, improved seed types and resourceful irrigation systems throughout the water-rich lands of Pamphylia have increased productivity. This has had a positive impact on the welfare of the region and increased the share of Antalya in the national economy.

Dams constructed for irrigation purposes have been built on rivers with high flow rates in the province of Antalya. Large-scale hydroelectric dams were also built and have an important share in the electricity production of Turkey.

Antalya province is situated on the south-west of Anatolia. It has a surface area of 20.723 km² and it holds 2.6% of Turkey’s total surface area. The location of Antalya province which is situated on the south-west of Turkey is between 29° 20’-32°35’ east longitudes and 36° 07’-37° 29’north latitudes.

Borders of the province are designed by Taurus Mountains. There is Mediterranean Sea on the south, Mersin and Konya and Karaman provinces on the east, Burdur and Isparta provinces on the north and Muğla Province on the west of the Antalya.

77.8 % of the area is mountainous in the province where 10.2 % is flat and 12 % is rugged. The province has many treasures in terms of nature, culture and geography.

Mediterranean climate is dominant in coastal parts of Antalya where it is hot in summer and cool in winter.  Although it is arid in summer, it rains a lot in other seasons and it has an annual precipitation average of 331,5 millimetre. The average temperature in winter is 10.1 where it is approximately 28.2 in summer. What is more, the temperature can be as cold as – 4.6 degrees in winter where it can climb up to 44.6 degrees in summer.

References: Antalya Governorship Province Culture and Tourism Directorate (2012). Antalya From Past to Present Day: Antalya Governorship Province Culture and Tourism Directorate

Akseki

Akseki, which was known as Marla in the past, lies to the east of the Manavgat River. The villages to the north of the Konya Plain and the villages in the coastal district of Manavgat migrate completely to the plateaus of the Akseki Mountains during summer. Akseki, with its well-preserved natural and traditional setting, has continued as an important crossroad connecting Alanya and to a lesser extent theSide/Manavgat region to Central Anatolia throughout history.

The traditional and earthquake-proof architecture of Akseki make it a worthwhile place to visit. In terms of preserving its traditional lifestyle Akseki, like İbradı, is exemplary. With its stone cobbled roads and historic yet comfortable houses, Akseki attracts many local and foreign tourists vacationing in Manavgat and surrounding areas

Akseki is a traditional Taurus mountain district, and the unique domestic and religiousarchitecture there and in neighbouring villages have begun to be restored in recent years.This restoration and repopulation work was made possible by the support of the Foundation for the Protection and Promotion of the Environment and Cultural Heritage (ÇEKÜL). Some villages, which were abandoned due to emigration, have started to come to life again. The villages of Sarıhacılar, Bucakilvat and Belenilvat, not far from the district centre, are displayed as models of a successful regeneration project for the whole of Anatolia.

Aksu – Kundu

Aksu is one of Antalya’s newest districts. It is one of four districts which lie within the boundaries of the Antalya Metropolitan Municipality. Its name comes from the Aksu (Kestros) River which is delineated by its boundary with Serik district to the east. Surrounded by the Taurus Mountains in the north and the Mediterranean Sea in the south it is a traditional settling place of Turkmen tribes.

The ruins of the renowned Pamphylian city of Perge are also located in Aksu. The luxurious facilities in the vicinity of Kundu village have made the region one of the most exclusive tourist destinations of Turkey. What used to be a traditional farming district is becoming more and more recognised, thanks to its historical and touristic attractions.

This modern tourist area has had a positive influence on the whole area, which was once an important roadside settlement. The steady flow of investments has helped transform it into a modern city.

Alanya

Alanya, which is host to many foreign citizens today, is situated on the eastern edge of the Gulf of Antalya and was actually established as a pirate town. When the audacious pirate Tryphon decided to build a castle that would serve him as refuge in times of duress, he saw that the rocky peninsula where today’s Alanya Castle is located was the most strategic place for such a building. He immediately embarked on the construction of the castle. The rampant piracy threatened the hegemony of Rome in the region and by the middle of the 1st century BC this could be stemmed by the forceful actions of Roman commanders. Following Alanya’s conquest in the 13th century by the Seljuks, the city was used as a capital where Seljuk Sultans used to spend the winter months.

Antalya

Antalya first came to the limelight with the discovery of the Karain Cave, one of the oldest human settlements in the world. It hosted many civilisations from near and far thanks to its favourable climate and abundant plant and animal life. Located in southwest Anatolia, the Gulf of Antalya was known as the Gulf of Pamphylia in ancient times. Even though Antalya was established much later than other cities on the Gulf like Side, Aspendos, Perge and Phaselis,it grew at a rapid pace due to its natural harbour and its mountain passes which enabled access to the interior regions.

Demre and Surroundings

Myra, today known as Demre, lies at the confluence of the Aegean and the Mediterranean Sea and had a great reputation for its harbour and as a centre of worship. Large and small streams descending from the mountains up north converge as the Demre River in the Myra Canyon and flows to the sea. The plain where Demre was founded consists of the alluvial soil that was formed through the flow of the river passing through the Myra Canyon. At the eastern edge of this plain lies Dalyan, notable for its extraordinary landscape and a spawning area for many species of fish. At the western edge of the plain at the mouth of the Kokarçay River lies Andriake, the renowned historic harbour town, and on the northern edge you can find the ancient town of Myra.

Elmalı and Surroundings

Elmalı, which is located north of the Lycian (Teke) Peninsula, has been continually inhabited since ancient days. It is blessed with richwater sources, arable land and mountains that are covered with cedar forests which were regarded as the most valued trees in the Mediterranean basin.The excavations carried out in Bozhöyük south of Elmalı and Hacımusalar Höyük (Mound) to the southwest reveal much about the history, not only of the region, but the history of the whole of Anatolia. The digs made near the Bayındır village east of Elmalı uncovered artefacts belonging to the Phrygians and created great excitement among archaeologists. The Treasure of Elmalı found in the vicinity of Gökpınar brought further insight to the region’s history. Elmalı is a steadily evolving region and a significant centre of historical value that attracts visitors from near and far.

Finike

The Finike District was known as the port of Elmalı until recently. Only half a century ago Finike was ravaged by malaria and could only be inhabited during the winter months. Finike shares the small coastal plain with Kumluca and today has become a well-developed coastal settlement.This charming district, with its fully equipped marina is a place where visitors from many countries can safely moor their boats. Finike was a notable cult centre of the ancient Greek GodApollo and one of the most revered saints of Christianity, St. Nicholas lived and died in the region. Elmalı is the location of the place of worship of Abdal Musa, who was a highly respected figure in Bektashism, a branch of Islam.

Gazipaşa

Gazipaşa on the eastern edge of the Gulf of Antalya is rich in historical and geographical attractions. The district of Gazipaşa lies three km inwards on an alluvial plain and was the renowned harbour of Selinus in antiquity. When Roman Emperor Trajan fell during his expedition to the eastern realms of the empire he died in Selinus on his return trip to Rome.

The city was therefore referred to as Traianapolis for a certain period.

Gündoğmuş

Gündoğmuş District, on the eastern part of the Gulf of Antalya, lies in the Taurus Mountains and on the same latitude as Akseki and İbradı.  The large part of Gündoğmuş was located in the region of Isauria in ancient times. Alanya was a centre of piracy and the immense wealth gained from the loot was also transferred to the interior regions of Anatolia through idle roads. The numerous castles and remnants of a small town on these roads seem to validate this assumption.

İbradı

İbradı is the smallest district of Antalya in terms of the area it covers. It is notable for its naturalenvironment and cultural features. This small locale is famous for providing many jurists for the Ottoman justice system and statesmen, whose reputation went far beyond its borders. Theaffluent residents of İbradı, built mansions, fountains, mosques, well-kept vegetable gardens and orchards with the portion of their wealth. The impact on the culture can still be seen today.

Kaş

One of the most prominent tourist centres along the Gulf of Antalya, situated on its western shores, is Kaş. It lies prominently on the Teke peninsula and was known as Antiphellos in ancient times. Antiphellos means “Opposite of Phellos”. Antiphellos was a small harbour town tucked between the rising mountains and the sea. Known today as Kaş, it is a leading holiday destination that welcomes thousands of tourists from all over the world. Lying between Central and Western Lycia, Kaş is centrally located between Antalya and Muğla and is linked to Central Anatolia through Elmalı and Korkuteli. Once again the coastal road offers stunning views of the Mediterranean.

The imposing natural setting of Kaş, bordered by mountains and overlooking the island of Megisti and other islets strewn across the bay, is the most compelling reason why it is widely visited by local and foreign holidaymakers. Kaş and the surrounding areas, Kalkan to its west in particular, are one of the most popular places where foreigners in recent years have preferred to buy properties and settle down.

Kemer

The beautiful coastal town of Kemer, at the foot of the majestic Taurus Mountains, lies to the southwest of Antalya. It is at centre of the South Antalya Tourism Region, where prominent holiday destinations like Beldibi, Göynük, Kemer, Kiriş and Tekirova are situated.

Kemer and other destinations in the district have played a very important part in tourism in Turkey. The hotels of the region have a total bed capacity of more than one hundred thousand and provide a very high standard.

Korkuteli and Surroundings

Having a large and efficient manufacturing background like the Elmalı Valley, Korkuteli flourished on the same spot as the ancient Pisidian city of Istanos. The area has a large number of ancient settlements, and Lagbe (Kırkpınar/Kemer) to the northwest was the private property of Roman emperors for some time, and one of the few cities that had the privilege of printing money. Korkuteli and the surrounding region has been one of the most popular migratory destinations for nomadic Turkmens since the 11th century. The Sinaneddin Madrasah and the Alaaddin Mosque 200 meters to the north are important Seljuk artefacts that have been restored in recent years and are included in the cultural inventory.

Kumluca

Kumluca and Finike District was known as the port of Elmalı until recently. Only half a century ago Kumluca and Finike was ravaged by malaria and could only be inhabited during the winter months. Finike shares the small coastal plain with Kumluca and today has become a well-developed coastal settlement. This charming district, with its fully equipped marina is a place where visitors from many countries can safely moor their boats.

Kumluca and Finike was a notable cult centre of the ancient Greek God Apollo and one of the most revered saints of Christianity, St. Nicholas lived and died in the region. Elmalı is the location of the place of worship of Abdal Musa, who was a highly respected figure in Bektashism, a branch of Islam.

Serik-Belek

Serik is one of the closest districts to the centre of Antalya. Thanks to its natural and historical environment around a thriving tourism area,it has become a shining star of the region. The tourist region of Belek is situated along a long stretch of sandy beach and shaded by lush pine forests. The accommodation facilities harmoniously surrounded with nature makes Belek an ideal location for holidays. Thanks to the sport of golf in Belek, which is intertwined with nature, it has become one of the major centres of the sport where world-famous celebrities take part in tournaments.

Side – Manavgat

Side was not only the most important harbour of Pamphylia in ancient times, but also of the Mediterranean region. Established on a peninsula, its magnificent theatre, agora (market area), a monumental fountain, and the remains of baths used as a museum today, parts of city walls and the colonnaded street are still quite well preserved. Located at the south-eastern end of the peninsula, the Apollo Temple was restored by clearing the surrounding area and by lifting up a few of its columns. Nowadays this monument is a preferred venue for hosting cultural events. And of course 30 kilometres away from the city, parts of the huge aqueduct carrying water from the springs of the Melas (Manavgat River) remain standing today.